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A Guide to Clean Energy Technology


Clean energy is the term used to describe the energy sources that are non-polluting and environmentally friendly. Some of the best sources of clean energy include wind, solar, geothermal and hydro. Green or clean energy is thought of with reference to mechanical power, electricity, cogeneration and heating. Businesses, consumers and organizations purchase this energy to support further development, and minimize the impact of conventional energy generators on environment.

Petroleum, coal, nuclear, hydel and geothermal are some of the conventional energy sources, and wind, solar, sea-tide and bio-mass some of the non-conventional energy sources. There are many viable clean energy technology projects in operation in India, and other countries.

Clean energy technologies tap the renewable natural energy resources for heating, lighting, and generating electricity. Sun is a vast resource of such energy, and most renewable energy comes directly or indirectly from sun. Heat of the sun drives winds, and the wind energy is captured using wind turbines. Sun and wind cause evaporation of water, causing rains, and this energy can be captured using hydroelectric power.

Incorporating Clean Energy Technology

There are worldwide efforts to tap the clean energy sources to minimize the use of fossil fuel. Recently, government of Abu Dhabi announced a 15bn dollar initiative to develop and implement clean energy technology by making use of hydrogen. It is a five-year initiative, and most ambitious and challenging project ever launched by the government.

Keeping in mind that the global energy demands are going to expand in the future, the impact of existing sources of energy raise a serious concern regarding sustainability and environment. It is a time to look for clean energy technologies that are eco-friendly, and can meet the raising power demands worldwide.

One of the clean energy technologies involve using steam along with natural gas to manufacture mixture of hydrogen and carbon dioxide. When hydrogen is burnt, it does not produce CO2, and hence hydrogen produced this way could be used to generate electricity or can be used in vehicles.

If the energy is produced using clean energy technology, it will not run out. Implementation of these technologies also helps create jobs, and fuel the local economies. Power generated by using clean energy technologies can also be sold to the other countries, boosting the trade deficit.

Transforming the energy future, slowing down and reversing the changes in climate and its consequences will require clean energy solutions and clear agenda that will allow rebuilding and repowering this planet. The key is to use the untapped natural sources in more economic way, so that the energy is produced and distributed cost-efficiently.


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